Forgotten Reformer: Robert McClaughry and Criminal Justice Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Paperback)

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Forgotten Reformer: Robert McClaughry and Criminal Justice Reform in Nineteenth-Century America By Frank Morn Cover Image
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Description


Forgotten Reformer traces criminal justice practice and reform developments in late nineteenth-century America through the life and career of Robert McClaughry, a leading reformer. As a warden of one of America's toughest prisons, as a chief of police of Chicago, as a superintendent of two different reformatories, and as one of the first wardens of the federal prison system, McClaughry developed and led a reform movement that resonates today.
As a founding member of the reformatory movement that sought to "save" young first offenders, McClaughry advocated new sentencing structures, probation, parole, and rehabilitative regimes within new institutions for young first offenders called reformatories. McClaughry then successfully got these reformatory ideals placed into adult prisons.
In addition, McClaughry became American's main advocate for a criminal identification method called the Bertillon system. He set up the first identification bureaus at the Illinois State Penitentiary, the Chicago police department, and the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kansas and these became models for others across the country.
Finally, as a founding member of the National Association of Chiefs of Police (today the International Association of Chiefs of Police) and the National Prison Assocation (today American Corrections Association), McClaughry sought to professionalize police and prison administrators.

About the Author


Frank Morn is a professor of criminal justice sciences at Illinois State University. He is the author of "The Eye That Never Sleeps" A History of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency and Academic Politics and the History of Criminal Justice Education.
Product Details
ISBN: 9780761853008
ISBN-10: 0761853006
Publisher: University Press of America
Publication Date: December 22nd, 2010
Pages: 402
Language: English