Quito, Ecuador, was one of colonial South America's most important artistic centers. Yet the literature on painting in colonial Quito largely ignores the first century of activity, reducing it to a "handful of names," writes Susan Verdi Webster. In this major new work based on extensive and largely unpublished archival documentation, Webster identifies and traces the lives of more than fifty painters who plied their trade in the city between 1550 and 1650, revealing their mastery of languages and literacies and the circumstances in which they worked in early colonial Quito. Overturning many traditional assumptions about early Quite o artists, Webster establishes that these artists--most of whom were Andean--functioned as visual intermediaries and multifaceted cultural translators who harnessed a wealth of specialized knowledge to shape graphic, pictorial worlds for colonial audiences. Operating in an urban mediascape of layered languages and empires--a colonial Spanish realm of alphabetic script and mimetic imagery and a colonial Andean world of discursive graphic, material, and chromatic forms--Quite o painters dominated both the pen and the brush. Webster demonstrates that the Quite o artists enjoyed fluency in several areas, ranging from alphabetic literacy and sophisticated scribal conventions to specialized knowledge of pictorial languages: the materials, technologies, and chemistry of painting, in addition to perspective, proportion, and iconography. This mastery enabled artists to deploy languages and literacies--alphabetic, pictorial, graphic, chromatic, and material--to obtain power and status in early colonial Quito.
About the Author
SUSAN VERDI WEBSTERWilliamsburg, VirginiaWebster is the Jane Williams Mahoney Professor of Art History and American Studies at the College of William & Mary. She has published extensively in both English and Spanish on the history of painting, sculpture, architecture, and visual culture in Spain, Ecuador, and Mexico.